When asked about America, whether it was a Monarchy or a Republc….., Franklin said: “We have a Republic…….for as long as we can keep it.”
For as long as we can keep it. I myself had never thought that this republic was so fragile. September 11, 2001 gave us all an idea of how fragile this republic really is. But, there is another bunch of things that shows us just how fragile this country is. This experiment in freedom. So, as this was needed now, here is a lesson in American history, for you NON believers, and for you believers too.
It was Sunday and Monday of this week, the 18th and 19th, of April, in the year of 1775, at Lexington and Concord. And in Boston. The Shot Heard ‘Round the world, may echo in a most prophetic way, even today.
New England and Boston, had become the the center of the most radical behavior by colonists against Britain. This is taken from patriot resource dot com.
It was probably because the Commander in chief of the British army in America, Lt. General Thomas Gage was garrisoned in Boston. The area also relied heavily on both legal and illegal exports, which the British began to tax in order to raise money to pay for the expense of the French and Indian War finally ended. In succession, Parliament passed the Sugar Act, Currency Act, Quartering Act, Stamp Act, and Townshend Act. British soldiers occupied Boston in 1768 at the request of the Royal Governor Sir Francis Bernard. In 1770, the Boston Massacre took place. Things quieted down until 1773. Following the passage of the Tea Act, the Boston Tea Party took place on December 16, 1773. Parliament reacted with Intolerable Acts or the Coercive Acts.
In the Spring of 1775, Boston was under martial law. The port was closed to commerce and General Gage had become military governor of Massachusetts. The Massachusetts Provincial Congress met in nearby Concord periodically and tried to organize rebellion. Tensions continued to quietly boil until April 1775 when General Gage was ordered to take definitive action to quell the growing political rebellion. He chose to seize the provincial stores and munitions at Concord. He figured that there could be no fight, if the colonials had nothing to fight with.
Despite General Gage’s efforts at secrecy, colonial spies in Boston learn of the impending expedition.On the evening of April 18, 1775, Dr. Joseph Warren sends William Dawes and Paul Revere to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams in Lexington. Paul Revere became immortalized for his midnight ride. After a series of unnecessary delays, the British expedition finally set out from Charlestown at 2 A.M. on the morning of April 19th. The countryside between Boston and Concord had already been warned.
Paul Revere brought word to Lexington at midnight. The minutemen turned out and planned for the British arrival. However, the British Regulars did not arrive until dawn. Seventy minutemen were on and around Lexington Common as the Redcoats marched up. Both Major Pitcairn and Major Parker had ordered their men not to fire, but someone did fire and the American Revolution had begun. The colonials scattered and the Redcoats regrouped and marched onto Concord.
The Redcoats peacefully took possession of Concord and the North Bridge and began searching for supplies and munitions, while the militia watched from a nearby ridge. The militia grew concerned when they noticed smoke rising from the town. They decided to move into the town and they confronted the companies guarding the North Bridge. The British were routed and fled back into Concord.
When the British finally departed Concord around noon, they began marching through a gauntlet. Militia had turned out and lined the road back to Boston, giving almost constant fire to the British. At Lexington, the British expedition was joined by reinforcements with accompanying artillery, which helped keep the colonials at a distance. The British finally arrived back in Charlestown at 8 P.M. that evening. Colonial militia immediately began turning out and surrounding the area. Thus began the Boston Siege that only ended in March 1776 with the British evacuation of the city.<p
The Shot Heard ‘Round the World: April 19, 1775
Major John Pitcairn’s six companies of British regular light infantry neared Lexington Common as daylight approached. Their guns were already primed and loaded. They were prepared to face five hundred militia. Captain John Parker managed to get about forty of the minutemen to line up on the town’s green. Another thirty or so men were scattered around the Common and the nearby buildings. In all, seventy men constituted the American force.
As the British approached, Major Pitcairn ordered his men to surround the disarm the militia, specifically ordering them not to fire. At nearly the same time, Captain Parker ordered his men to disperse, which they began to do. Major Pitcairn made his order in an effort to not be bogged down, since his orders were to peacefully take possession of the Concord bridges. However, he could not just leave the militia unmolested. Meanwhile, Captain Parker was satisfied with the show of presence by his own men and he did not want his small force in a skirmish with fully armed Regulars.
As the minutemen began to disperse, still fully armed, and the first British soldiers reached the Green, a shot was fired. Some say it came from behind a nearby stone wall. The British soldiers immediately formed up and returned fire. Major Pitcairn, a Marine, strenuously moved among the light infantry ordering them to cease firing. The British had broken ranks and were about to start breaking into houses when Lt. Colonel Francis Smith arrived and the order was soon restored.
Seven Lexington minutemen lay dead on or near the Common. One colonial from Woburn, who had been captured on the road, was killed trying to escape. Nine others were wounded. Of the eight father-son pairs on the Common that night, three sons were killed as well as two other fathers. The casualties were the only colonials in sight as the British Regulars reformed to continue on to Concord. A few minutes after the British departed, the colonials began appearing, first looking after the wounded and the dead.
After the initial shock began to fade, it was realized that the British would be returning. Children were brought into the countryside. Family silver and other valuables were buried. Meanwhile, six British soldiers straggled into Lexington one-by-one, were disarmed and taken prisoner. Later that morning, Captain Parker reassembled the Lexington minutemen and they set off for Concord to face the British Regulars again.
But we all know that wasn’t the end of it, even though a lot of the liberals in this country conveniently forget. And they hope that we will too. But our history is something that we cannot forget.
This is the end of part one. Part two will be published tomorrow evening.
God Bless America, her troops, her allies and her people
God Bless my readers, my listeners on BTR and my viewers on You Tube….